Hybrid War and Challenges For Pakistan

Hybrid War and Challenges For Pakistan

Current Affairs

The world has changed. Wars are fought no more on battlegrounds but with touches of buttons and turnings of knobs. Hybrid warfare has revolutionized the arena where every country exhausts all possible means without even moving.

“The categories of warfare are blurring and no longer fit into neat, tidy boxes. One can expect to see more tools and tactics of destruction – from the sophisticated to the simple – being employed simultaneously in hybrid and more complex forms of warfare”, Robert M. Gates, Former U.S. Secretary of Defence.

Conflict is inherent to the structure of the international paradigm, a construct of state system and composition of human society. The nature of wars resulting from this conflict has remained constant as a political and social phenomenon, however. The character of war continues to transform from kinetic to non-kinetic, conventional to sub-conventional, or a combination of the two with evolving technology.

Pakistan today faces a host of kinetic and non-kinetic threats due to its politico-ideological leanings and geographic location. Major kinetic threats to Pakistan take their roots from the East. While other actors also generate threats, which include non-state actors, hostile states, and agencies. Major non-kinetic threats to our security include information operations, ethno sectarian divide.

“Hybrid Warfare requires a different perspective than what we have applied so far on the other forms of warfare”

The non-traditional threats to our security include natural disasters, climate change, and population growth which if not managed can have a huge impact on the security and stability of the country.

This is considered a decentralized form of warfare characterized by blurred lines between war and politics, combatants and civilians besides being a long-term and complex affair.

The change in warfare is accelerating, it is reasonable to accept that Warfare is considered a military strategy that blends conventional. Cyber Warfare is a consequence of new technologies like nanotechnology, coupled with an indirect political approach. Hybrid Warfare requires a different perspective than what we have applied so far on the other forms of warfare.

Hybrid warfare is an extension of Asymmetrical and Insurgent Warfare, whereby the enemy uses all means, conventional and unconventional tactics. It includes political, religious, and social causes; incorporates information operations campaigns (internet and 24 hours news cycle) can be conducted by the organization or un-organized groups; maybe nation state-led or non-nation state led to disrupt and defeat opponents in order to achieve their will.

Hybrid warfare is manifested as under

– Media of the target state is used as the most effective weapon to inflict hopelessness, uncertainty, and frustration among the masses.

– Existing internal fault lines of the target state like sectarian/ethnic extremism, a weak economy, separatist movements, and illiteracy can be exploited by the aggressor.

– Political instability is fuelled by the aggressor to refrain the target state from formulating and implementing national policies.

– In order to globally isolate the target state, strong lobbying is resorted to generating exterior maneuvers. And exploit the weak diplomacy of the target state to degrade/denounce its positive initiatives/efforts.

– Aggressor uses its influence on international financial institutions to create conditions for the provision of the maximum amount of loans to the target state to further weaken. It economically ensures the imposition of strict sanctions on the target state in order to create frustration. Amongst the masses and pave the way to overtaking of target state’s national assets by said financial institutions.

Recently a European news agency has exposed, how Indian influence public perception of Pakistan by multiplying iterations of the same content available on search engines worldwide.

“Conflict is inherent to the structure of the international paradigm, a construct of the state system and composition of human society”

Once an EU news agency has exposed it, we mustn’t lose the opportunity to put India on the back foot:

The first step is general awakening followed by sharing this news to maximum Pakistanis at home and abroad, particularly in Europe and USA, etc.

Law is an important component of Hybrid warfare. The government of Pakistan must file a defamation lawsuit against India in EU court. PTA-Ministry of Information-Law Ministry and Foreign Office must also prepare a case and write to Twitter Facebook, Google, and all search engine managements to block all fake accounts involved in baseless propaganda against Pakistan.

Also check: https://www.tadalafiltry.com/150-common-mistakes-in-english-grammar-and-their-correct-answers/

There is a requirement of stringent media regulations, especially against disinformation and fake news contents that promote chaos and instability. Our TV channel owners should be persuaded to dedicate some airtime, other than useless and endless domestic politics, against Indian propaganda warfare also.

Indians are using instruments like yoga, Indian cuisine Bollywood films, music, etc to create a “peaceful” “soft” image of India. After 9/11 they adopted European imagery and filmmaking techniques.

“Law is an important component of Hybrid warfare. Government of Pakistan must file a defamation lawsuit against India in EU court”

There is also a consented effort to send Indian doctors, nurses, and IT professionals to work in Europe. There is a need to build Pakistan’s soft image also and have icons that can represent Pakistan at global forums.

Our political parties must address this grey area and leadership abroad should be entrusted to educate, enlighten and progress. Pakistanis who have a world view and can act as good ambassadors of the country.

Media-centric Hybrid warfare is a reality and we as a nation have to fight this challenge otherwise history acts savagely and rises to their existential challenges.

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